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Frequently Asked Questions - Maryland Teen Driver

The State of Maryland has the following restrictions:

Learner’s Permit Restrictions
• You must hold a learner’s permit for at least nine months before being eligible to obtain a provisional license.
• Permit holders under the age of 18 are prohibited from using any type of wireless communication device while operating a motor vehicle unless call 911 in an emergency.
• You will have to start the permit period over if convicted of a traffic offense and wait another six months to take the road test.

Provisional License Restrictions
• Less than 6 months driving experience—You must hold a provisional drivers license for 18 months.
• 6 to 12 months driving experience—You must hold a provisional drivers license for 12 months.
• 12 to 18 months driving experience—You must hold a provisional drivers license for 6 months.
• You are prohibited from driving alone between the hours of 12 and 5 am unless accompanied by a supervising adult who is 21 years or older unless traveling to or from work, a school activity, an athletic training session or an organized volunteer program.
• For the first 5 months, you are not allowed to carry passengers under age 18 other than your immediate family members unless accompanied by a supervising adult driver.
• You are prohibited from using any type of wireless communication device while driving.

All learner’s permit holders must be accompanied by a parent, legal guardian or adult who is 21 years or older and has had a license for a minimum of three years. The supervising individual must sit in the seat next to the driver at all times and complete the Practice Skills Log issued by the MVA.

The Maryland MVA requires applicants to submit proof of age, identity, residency, legal presence and provide a Social Security number or proof of ineligibility. The documents must be an original or certified copy from the following sources:

Proof of Age and Identity
• United States birth certificate filed with the Office of Vital Statistics or equivalent agency (birth documents issued from a hospital, birth registration cards, notifications of birth registration and foreign birth certificates will not be accepted. Puerto Rican birth certificates issued before July 1, 2010 are no longer accepted)
• Valid United States passport
• Consular Report of Birth Abroad issued by the United States Department of State (Form FS-240, DS-1350 or FS-545)
• Valid Permanent Resident Card (Form I-551) issued by the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
• Certificate of Naturalization (Form N-550 or N-570) issued by the United States DHS
• Certificate of Citizenship (Form N-560 of N-561) issued by the United States DHS
• Unexpired employment authorization documents (Form I-766 or I-688B) issued by the United States DHS
• Unexpired foreign passport with valid United States visa accompanied (unexpired or expired) accompanied by the approved I-94 form documenting the applicant’s most recent admittance into the United States

Proof of Social Security Number or Proof of Ineligibility
• Original Social Security card
• W-2 form (not more than 18 months old)
• 1099 form (not more than 18 months old)
• Paystub with applicant’s name and Social Security number (not more than three months old)
• Documentation showing non-work authorized status
• Other proof of ineligibility for a Social Security number acceptable by the MVA

You must change your name with the Social Security Administration (SSA) if there is a different name on your Social Security card.

Proof of Legal Presence (All documents must be verified by the DHS through their Systematic Alien Verification for Entitlements (SAVE) program)
• Valid United States passport
• Consular Report of Birth Abroad issued by the United States Department of State (Form FS-240, DS-1350 or FS-545)
• Valid Permanent Resident Card (Form I-551) issued by the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
• Certificate of Naturalization (Form N-550 or N-570) issued by the United States DHS
• Certificate of Citizenship (Form N-560 of N-561) issued by the United States DHS
• Unexpired employment authorization documents (Form I-766 or I-688B) issued by the United States DHS
• Unexpired foreign passport with valid United States visa accompanied (unexpired or expired) accompanied by the approved I-94 form documenting the applicant’s most recent admittance into the United States

Proof of Maryland Residency (Submit at least two documents from the following sources)
• Vehicle registration card or title with Maryland address
• Utility, telephone, cable or satellite television bill
• Bank statement for Maryland checking or savings account
• Life insurance policy or card (over three years old)
• Property tax receipt or bill
• Proof of home ownership (mortgage account)
• First class mail from local, state or federal government agency (must include both the envelope and contents)
• State or federal income tax return with proof of filing (not more than 18 months old)
• Contract from a financial institution
• Business or sales tax license
• Credit card bill (must be a major credit card)
• Service contract from a residential provider (satellite or cable television, exterminator, gardening or lawn service)
• Maryland voter registration card
• Selective Service Card

To obtain a provisional license, applicants must meet the following requirements:

• You must be at least 16 years and 6 months old.
• You must have had your learner’s permit for at least 9 months.
• You must have successfully completed a driver’s education course.
• You must have a minimum of 60 hours of practice driving done with a parent, legal guardian or supervisor.

The State of Maryland requires drivers to pass the following tests:

Knowledge Test
• This test is designed to check your knowledge about the motor vehicle laws, safe driving practices and road signs. You must correctly answer 17 out of 20 questions to pass the test.

Vision Screening Test
• You must have a visual acuity of at least 20/40 in each eye and a continuous field of vision of at least 140 degrees. A restricted license may be issued to applicants who have a visual acuity of 20/70 in one or both eyes and a continuous field of vision of at least 110 degrees.

The State of Maryland has a graduated licensing system known as the “Rookie Driver Program”. The first step is to obtain a learner’s permit by meeting the following requirements:

Type One Permit
• You must be at least 15 years and 9 months old.
• If you are under 16, you must submit a Learner’s Permit School Attendance Certification form.
• If you are under 18, you must have a parent or legal guardian sign the application.
• You must submit proof of identity, age, lawful presence, Maryland residency and Social Security number or proof of ineligibility.
• You must be able to pass both the written knowledge and vision-screening tests.

Type Two Permit (For applicants who already have a license and are applying for a different type or class of license)
• You must be at least at least 16 years and 1 month old.
• You must hold the permit for at least 14 days.
• If you are under 18, your parent or legal guardian must sign the application.

Type One permits are valid for two years and Type Two permits are valid for six months from the date they were issued.

Before applying for a learner’s permit, you should study the Maryland Driver’s Manual, which covers the following topics:

• Driving test requirements
• Licensing requirements
• Basic driving skills
• Signals, signs and pavement markings
• Driving situations and inclement weather conditions

The Maryland Driver’s Manual is available at any Motor Vehicle Administration (MVA) or online at the Department of Transportation MVA website.

When applying for a learner’s permit or driver’s license, you will need to do the following:

• Provide proof of age, identity, lawful presence, residency and Social Security number.
• Applicants under 16 must submit a Learner’s Permit School Attendance Certification (DL-300 form).
• Applicants under 18 must have a parent, legal guardian or an adult employer co-sign the permit application.
• Submit cash or check payable to the MVA for the permit fee or provide a major credit card (Visa, MasterCard or American Express).

In addition you must report any serious medical condition to the MVA’s Medical Advisory Board.

There are no specific restrictions for new drivers, however a judge can impose a restriction for a drug or alcohol related incident or for medical reasons.

You must successfully complete an approved driver’s education course licensed by the Maryland MVA. Home study, online or distance learning courses are not certified, licensed or approved. The course should include the following:

• 30 hours of classroom instruction
• 6 hours of behind-the-wheel training
• 3 hours of drug and alcohol education if never licensed in the United States

You must also log at least 60 hours of practice driving under the supervision of your parent or legal guardian, with 10 hours completed at night.