The State of Virginia requires drivers to pass the following tests:
Two-Part Knowledge Exam
• You will need to take the knowledge exam if you do not have a valid driver’s license from another U.S. state, Canada, Germany or France. The exam is given on a computer and tests your knowledge about traffic signs, motor vehicle laws and safe driving. All questions are taken from information found in the Virginia Driver’s Manual. You must correctly answer all ten traffic sign questions in part one of the exam before you can take part two. Part two tests your general knowledge with multiple-choice questions. You must answer at least 80 percent of the questions correctly to pass part two.
If you fail the exam and you must do the following:
Applicants Under Age 18
You must wait a full 15 days before you can retake the exam.
Applicants Age 18 or Older
You must pay a $2.00 fee if you retake the exam within 15 days.
The exam is also available in Spanish and audio format. If you fail the knowledge exam three times, you cannot take it a fourth time until you complete and pass the classroom part of a driver education program through a driver training school approved by the DMV or the Department of Education. The completion date for the classroom part must be after the date you failed the knowledge exam the third time. Once you give DMV your Certificate of Completion, you can take the knowledge exam again.
• Unrestricted License
The screening shows whether your vision meets Virginia’s standards to safely drive. You must have 20/40 or better vision in one or both eyes and 100 degrees or better, horizontal vision in one or both eyes or comparable measurement that shows a field of vision within this range.
• Restricted to Daylight Hours Only
20/70 or better vision in one or both eyes
70 degrees or better horizontal vision
If you have vision in only one eye, you must have horizontal vision of at least 30 degrees or better when looking toward your nose and 40 degrees or better when looking toward your temple or comparable measurement that shows a field of vision within this range. If you need to wear glasses or contact lenses to pass the vision test, you must wear them when driving. If you fail the vision screening, you may be asked to visit an eye care professional.
Road Skills Test
• You will need to take the knowledge exam if you do not have a valid driver’s license from another U.S. state, Canada, Germany or France. You must provide a vehicle for the road skills test. The vehicle must have a valid safety inspection sticker, license plates, registration card and decals, working brakes, safety belts, horn, lights, turn signals, mirrors and speedometer.
Applicants Under 19
The road skills test will be given as part of the driver education course taken at a public, private or commercial driving school. If you are home schooled, refer to the Home-Schooled In-Car Driver Education Information Sheet (HS 3) for more information.
Applicants 19 or Older
The road skills test will be given by a DMV staff member. Only the applicant and the DMV staff member are allowed in the vehicle during the test. The test may be taken only once per business day. If you fail the road skills test three times, you cannot take it a fourth time until you complete and pass the in-vehicle part of a driver education program through a driver training school approved by the DMV or the Department of Education. The in-vehicle part must be after the date you failed the road test the third time. Once you give DMV your Certificate of Completion, you can take the road skills test again.